2010 Haiti earthquake
Haiti earthquake map.png
Date 12 January 2010
Origin time 16:53
Magnitude 7.0 Mw
Depth 13 km (8.1 mi)
Epicenter 18°27′25″N 72°31′59″W
Areas affected Haiti, Dominican Republic
Max. intensity MM X (Extreme)
Peak acceleration 0.5 g
Tsunami Yes (localized)
Casualties 100,000 to 316,000 deaths (the higher figure is from a government estimate widely charged with being deliberately inflated; a figure of about 160,000 is provided in a 2010 University of Michigan study; the 100,000 figure is suggested by the U.S. Geological Survey.)
The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 M earthquake, with an epicenternear the town of Léogâne (Ouest), approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday January 12th 2010.
By January 24th, at least 52 after shocks measuring 4.5 or greater had been recorded. An estimated three million people were affected by the quake. Death toll estimates ranged from 100,000 to about 160,000 to Haitian government figures from 220,000 to 316,000 that have been widely characterized as deliberately inflated by the Haitian government.
The government of Haiti estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. There has been a history of national debt, prejudicial trade policies by other countries and foreign intervention into national affairs that contributed to the pre-existing poverty and poor housing conditions that exacerbated the death toll.
The earthquake caused major damage in Port-au-Prince, Jacmel and other settlements in the region. Notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail. Among those killed were Archbishop of Port-au-Prince Joseph Serge Miot and opposition leader Micha Gaillard. The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), located in the capital, collapsed, killing many, including the Mission's Chief, Hédi Annabi.
Many countries responded to appeals for humanitarian aid, pledging funds and dispatching rescue and medical teams, engineers and support personnel. Communication systems, air, land, and sea transport facilities, hospitals, and electrical networks had been damaged by the earthquake, which hampered rescue and aid efforts; confusion over who was in charge, air traffic congestion, and problems with prioritisation of flights further complicated early relief work.
Port-au-Prince's morgues were overwhelmed with tens of thousands of bodies. These had to be buried in mass graves. As rescues tailed off, supplies, medical care and sanitation became priorities. Delays in aid distribution led to angry appeals from aid workers and survivors, and looting and sporadic violence were observed. On January 22nd the United Nations noted that the emergency phase of the relief operation was drawing to a close, and on the following day the Haitian government officially called off the search for survivors.
On Your Feet Incorporated Emergency Response Team, responded with truck loads of Personal Care Items and Clothing to assist families and individuals who had lost everything.
On Your Feet Inc. - Family Resource Center
2737 Via Orange Way, Suite 105
Spring Valley, CA. 91978
Office: (619) 395-3375